Paine’s case for independence included, , the argument that the united colonies would be able to maintain their security in a hostile world – and also what proved to be enduring, and controversial, assertions about America’s place in that world. In April 1793, the United States was confronted with its most serious foreign policy crisis since the end of the American Revolution, when the Washington administration learned that the recently-constituted French Republic had declared war on England and the Dutch Republic.France, with which the United States had a political-military alliance dating from the Revolution, was locked in an apparent death struggle with a broad coalition, which included those two states along with Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, and a number of Italian and German principalities.records the benchmark documents that characterize the American strategic tradition, such as the Declaration of Independence, Washington's Farewell Address, and John Quincy Adams' July 1821 Oration; Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, the Truman Doctrine, and Reagan’s Westminster Address; and George W.Bush’s 2002 National Security Strategy and Obama’s Nobel Prize Lecture. We are continually adding to and refining this material to reflect the best and most up-to-date scholarship.Stiles, an attorney from Savannah, Georgia, had been a one-term Democratic Congressman before being appointed to his diplomatic position in April 1845 by newly-elected President James K. Stiles held the post until October 1849, when he returned to the United States and resumed his law practice and activities in the Democratic Party. Army officer, Western explorer, Mexican War veteran, friend of Andrew Jackson and Thomas Hart Benton, land speculator, and governor of the Colorado Territory (1861-1862), is sometimes accorded the title of America’s first geopolitician.He would later serve as a colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. In a series of articles and speeches, which were summarized in his best known publication, (1860), Gilpin argued that the development of the interior of the continent, made possible in large part by a properly-sited transcontinental railroad, would create a new and dominant commercial line of communication between Europe and Asia. Any understanding of the Civil War is incomplete without an awareness of the foreign policy dimension that the war possessed.And that promise became one of territorial expansion the moment Americans began to head west past the bounds of the Mississippi.
The accident left the United States without any effective naval force in the Pacific and revealed the weaknesses of the existing fleet, as the old warships had been unable to get to sea and ride out the storm.
The issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation, for instance, can be understood in part as an attempt to persuade foreign governments to accept the Union’s diplomatic position and to stay out of the war.
For our purposes, we can see Lincoln’s contribution to the foreign policy effort most clearly in the public exchange he had in January of 1863 with the workingmen of Manchester, England. Twain, to be sure, had a vested interest in offering such an endorsement. But truth can be stranger and more profitable than fiction.
The address of support that the workingmen offered to Lincoln, and his response, perfectly encapsulate the attempt of the government in Washington to win not only the hearts and minds of its own citizens, but the citizens of another nation—and, moreover, the most vulnerable citizens of another nation. Since leaving the White House in 1877, Grant had declined offers to write about his wartime experiences.
He protested that he had little to say and little ability to say it.